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                1. 当前位置:随笔吧>文言文>孟子> 孟子·告子上·第十六节

                  孟子·告子上·第十六节

                  《孟子·告子上·第十六节》文言文全文

                  孟子曰:“有天爵者,有人爵者。仁义忠信,乐善不倦,此天爵也;公卿大夫,此人爵也。古之人修其天爵,而人爵从之。今之人修其天爵,以要人爵;既得人爵,而弃其天爵,则惑之甚者也,终亦必亡而已矣?!?/p>

                  《孟子·告子上·第十六节》全文翻译

                  孟子说:“有天然的爵位等级,有人间的爵位等级。建立人与人之间相互亲爱的关系、选择最佳行为方式、忠实、诚信,乐于帮助别人而不厌倦,这是天然的爵位等级。做到了公、卿、大夫等职位,这是人间的爵位等级。古代的人着重修养天然的爵位等级,人间的爵位等级也就会随之而来。如今的人着重修养天然的爵位等级,目的是为了获得人间的爵位等级。一旦取得了人间的爵位等级,就抛弃了天然的爵位等级,真是糊涂透顶了,结果必然把一切都葬送掉?!?/p>

                  《孟子·告子上·第十六节》注释

                  要(yao):即“邀”,求取,追求。

                  《孟子·告子上·第十六节》评析

                  所谓“天赐”只是一种比拟性的说法,天爵实际上是精神的爵位,内在的爵位,无需谁来委任封赏,也无法世袭继承。人爵则是偏于物质的、外在的爵位,必须靠人委任或封赏或世袭。

                  说穿了,天爵是精神贵族,人爵是社会贵族。

                  时代发展到民主的今天,社会贵族(至少在名份上)已日趋消亡,而精神贵族(按照我们这里的特定含义,而不是通常的意义)却长存。

                  回过头来说,孔、孟又何尝不是他们时代的精神贵族呢?

                  “忠信仁义,乐善不倦?!?/p>

                  这样的精神贵族,即使是在我们这个平民化的时代,是不是也多多益善呢?

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